Hot Topics
See hot topics from all expeditions in our Deeper Discovery section »

bacteriaBacteria at Hydrothermal Vents
From Expedition 4: Small but mighty, bacteria live everywhere at hydrothermal vents.
Learn more about bacteria »

biogeographyBiogeography of Hydrothermal Vents
From Expedition 4: Biogeography is the study of distribution patterns of organisms and what causes those patterns to exist.
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Bob CollierThe Hydrothermal Vent Prospecting Team
From Expedition 4: CTD (Conductivity-Temperature-Depth) sensors are used to detect hydrothermal plumes in the deep ocean.
Learn more about CTDs »

ICLT-probeMeasuring Temperature At Hydrothermal Vents—Al Bradley’s Ingenuity
From Expedition 4: ICLs (Inductively Coupled Links) transmit data through water without a cable.
Learn more about ICLs »

fiber opticFiber Optics
From Expedition 4: Fiber optic technology uses light to transmit information.
Learn more about how ROV Jason uses Fiber Optics »